Erectile dysfunction in cardiovascular risk population

The inability to achieve and to maintain erection, erectile dysfunction, is a bothersome symptom of elderly men. Moreover, there is a high comorbidity between cardiovascular diseases and erectile dysfunction. However, very little is known concerning the risk factors of ED in apparently healthy men without comorbidities affecting the arteries.

A cross-sectional population survey was conducted from August 2005 to September 2007 in two rural towns of Harjavalta and Kokemäki in Finland. Excluding those with previously diagnosed cardiovascular diseases, diabetes or chronic kidney disease, every community-dwelling inhabitant was invited to take part in the survey. Of the 2939 45- to 70-year-old men invited, 2049 responded. Selecting those at risk for cardiovascular diseases, 1000 eligible men were examined.

According to the International Index of Erectile Function short form 57% of the studied men reported erectile dysfunction. Increasing age, smoking, depressive symptoms, decreasing pulmonary function, sedentary lifestyle, non-marital status and low education level were associated with increasing risk of erectile dysfunction. However, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, hypercholesterolemia were not associated with erectile dysfunction, although these associations have been described in numerous previous studies. Moreover, erectile dysfunction was not associated with increasing risk of pre-diabetes.

In apparently healthy men, increasing age, smoking, depressive symptoms, decreasing pulmonary function, sedentary lifestyle, non-marital status, low education level but not hypertension, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes or pre-diabetes were associated with increasing risk of erectile dysfunction.

 

Please, see more information:

http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-29-6294-5

 

otto.ettala@utu.fi

City (for University):
University of Turku